Investigative Resources in Human Trafficking and Proactive Investigations

Investigative Resources in Human Trafficking and Proactive Investigations
Duration: 60 Minutes
Module 1 Module 1
Recorded on: 2024-07-11
Unit 1 Presentation Materials: Investigative Resources in Human Trafficking and Proactive Investigations
Unit 2 Transcript: Investigative Resources in Human Trafficking and Proactive Investigations
Unit 3 Workbook: Investigative Resources in Human Trafficking and Proactive Investigations
Unit 4 Recording: Investigative Resources in Human Trafficking and Proactive Investigations

Human trafficking cases are complex and can be quite difficult to work. However, with sufficient investigative knowledge and skills, tracking targets and holding offenders accountable can be made more successful. This webinar explores the different resources and investigative considerations to take into account to build robust human trafficking cases toward compelling prosecution.

Walking us through the basics of human trafficking and the most valuable resources to leverage during human trafficking investigations is Jeff Bolettieri, an investigator for Hope for Justice, an international non-profit organization located on five continents working to bring an end to human trafficking. His experience in law enforcement includes 27 years with the Suffolk County Sheriff’s Office, New York as a Special Investigations Unit (SIU) investigator and investigator sergeant and 16 years with the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) New York Drug Enforcement Task Force.

Specifics of his presentation include:

  • Hope for Justice – its mission, model, and work done in the space of human trafficking.
  • The misrepresentation of human trafficking in the media and its reality – how statutes define it, and a video showing how traffickers use force, fraud, and coercion to control their victims.
  • An overview of anti-human trafficking statutes, human trafficking types, and the multi-billion dollar industry that it is.
  • Differentiating between human smuggling and human trafficking based on characteristic features, the commodity, and what the crime is against.
  • The investigative resources worth looking into in human trafficking investigations – with specific focus on electronic and tech-related sources.
  • A rundown of the different location-based services that can be leveraged as leads and evidence sources.
    • Cell Site Location Information (CSLI) – its sources, guidelines to access and preserve it for investigative purposes, and the process to locate devices and subsequently, the targets.
    • Bluetooth beacons – how these are utilized commercially and how these can provide accurate location when indoors.
    • Wi-Fi scanning – how this works, the different companies that facilitate device location determination.
    • Global Positioning System (GPS) – how it works, its accuracy, and weakness.
    • Device proximity – how this works and how to make a legal request from the tech companies to access this information.
  • Google’s Find My Device feature and the process of obtaining information from this through warrants.
  • Information available through Exchangeable Image File Format (EXIF), how this can be extracted and accessed for investigation purposes, and how this can be altered.
  • Wiretap – when it can be used, how to have it authorized, its validity, and limits surrounding it.
  • Government agencies, databases, technology, companies, and other sources worth looking into to provide human trafficking case information and insights.
  • Financial investigations
    • The value of running concurrent financial investigations alongside human trafficking cases.
    • The elements to familiarize with and identify money laundering.
    • Money laundering control measures in place through FinCEN and statutes.
    • The different methods that money laundering is facilitated.
    • Utilizing insurance and tax returns to reveal money laundering operations.

Questions from the webinar participants are about:

  • Job openings at Hope for Justice.
  • Whether drug bribery is considered coercion.
  • How location tracking can happen despite opting out of it on the device.
  • Populations that are at high risk for trafficking.
  • Leveraging Fog Data Science LLC, Venntel, and Berla for investigations.


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Resources and Handouts


Additional Resources
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After the Webinar: Investigative Resources for Human Trafficking Cases. Q&A with Jeff Bolettieri
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