Online Course: Inductive Interviewing for Justice Professionals

Inductive Interviewing for Justice Professionals

Built on the foundation of time-tested interviewing principles, the Inductive Interview System brings a fresh approach to interviewing that is innovative, unique, and highly effective. Non-coercive and non-linear, the system can be easily applied by any officer who has to gather information and determine the credibility of sources.

In the justice sector, “Every Contact Is an Interview.” So, Patrol Officers, Investigators, Animal Control Officers, Accident Reconstruction Teams, Criminal Interdiction Units, School Resource Officers, Probation Officers, Correctional and Detention Officers, Prosecutors, Intake Officials, Victim Advocates, Mental Health Professionals (and even parents!) will benefit from this online course.

Overly coercive interviewing techniques and clever psychological tactics are proven to produce false confessions, alienate juries, and cause the dreaded “shut down.” The Inductive Interview (IN2) System is designed to produce credible results and reliable confessions by creating an environment conducive to full disclosure of the truth, overcoming reluctance to disclosure of evidence, and exposing attempts at deception or suppression. The distinctive “non-linear” approach is superior to traditional interviewing systems in many respects including an enhanced flexibility that follows the natural flow of actual interviews instead of imposing a restrictive and unrealistic “flow chart” pattern.

This online course consists of five sessions. Each lesson has at least 2 hours of lecture and case study discussions (More than 10 hours of learning!).

This online course has been certified by the National Sheriffs' Association and may be eligible for Continuing Education Units through your POST. Please consult your local certification processes for additional details. Students will be able to download a jointly issued attendance certificate that includes the National Sheriffs' Association logo.


This online course has been certified by the National Animal Care and Control Association and may be eligible for Continuing Education Units. Please consult your local certification processes for additional details. Students will be able to download a jointly issued attendance certificate that includes the NACA logo.



Ray Nash began his 40-year law enforcement career as a police dispatcher while he was still in high school. After a time as a patrolman and street supervisor, he was appointed Police Chief in Irmo, South Carolina at the tender age of 23. Later, he served as a Training Specialist with the Institute of Police Technology and Management (I.P.T.M.) at the University of North Florida, then returned to S.C. for his second tenure as a Police Chief, this time in Summerville. In 1997, Ray began the first of his three terms as the elected Sheriff in Dorchester County, SC. After retiring in 2009, he pursued an overseas mission for over three years in support of the international police reform effort in Afghanistan. He served as a Professional Police Mentor to the Ministry of Interior, the Criminal Justice Advisor for the US Embassy in Kabul, and the Professional Development Director for the International Police Coordination Board. As CEO and founder of the Police Dynamics Institute, Sheriff Nash has provided consulting services and leadership training to over 15,000 police officers, government officials, and business leaders from around the world. Agencies that have adopted the character-based principles of Police Dynamics have reported lower crime rates, higher morale, enhanced officer performance, and reductions in ethical failures and complaints. In 2018, Sheriff Nash, co-founded the Inductive Interview System, a non-linear, non-coercive approach to forensic interviewing for the law enforcement/public safety and mental health professions.

Lesson 1: Introduction, Preparation, Rapport, and Narrative

The Inductive Interview System is a six-phase, integrated structure for conducting forensic interviews. Every contact is a quest for credible and actionable information. So, every contact becomes an interview. Unlike many traditional approaches, the non-linear nature of the IN2 System allows the interviewer great flexibility to range freely between phases, or skip phases altogether, as dictated by the flow of the interview itself. After the Introduction, this fast-paced session will cover the first three phases of the system: Preparation, Rapport, and Narrative.

Session Topics:

  • The Working Definition of a Lie
  • Why People Lie
  • Overview of the Six-Phase Inductive Interview Process
  • Seven Virtues of an Interviewer
  • Avoiding the “Shut Down”
  • Six Objectives of Rapport
  • The Importance of Rapport and How to Build it Rapidly
  • Identifying the “Baseline Norm”
  • Detecting Imbalance in the Narrative
  • Chronologies and Detecting “Missing Time”
  • Word Cues:
    • Extra Words
    • Use of Passive Voice
    • Use of the Word “Then”
    • Use of the Word “Never”
    • Use of the Word “Left”
    • Use of the Word “Actually”
    • Shift to Present Tense
  • Review Miranda and Garrity
  • Case Study Video
  • “Never Talk to the Police” Video
  • “Extra Words” Video

Lesson 2: Clarification

Sometimes called the Cognitive Interview, the Clarification phase of the IN2 System occurs when the interviewer shifts from a free narrative to ask specific questions designed to probe for inconsistencies, fill in gaps in the Narrative, or drill down on discrepancies. During this phase, the interviewer must be particularly attentive to signs of deception including the Ten Types of Lies.

Session Topics:

  • The “Retell”
  • Using “TED’S PIES” to Formulate Specific Questions
  • Detecting “Verbal Leakage”
  • Non-Committal Qualifiers
  • Detecting “Behavioral Leakage”
  • Micro-Expressions as Indicators of Deception
  • Controlling Your Own Micro-Expressions
  • “Lie Spotter” Video
  • A-Rod Interview
  • Indicators of Deception Exercise

Lesson 3: Clarification

In this lesson, we will discuss the 10 Types of Lies in depth. We'll expand on behavioral leakage, response onset window, and non-verbal disharmonies. And finally, we'll continue applying this knowledge to additional case studies.

Session Topics:

  • Ten Types of Lies:
    1. Lie of Denial
    2. Lie of Fabrication
    3. Lie of Omission
    4. Lie of Minimization
    5. Lie of Embellishment
    6. Lie of Reference
    7. Lie of Evasion
    8. Lie of Definition
    9. Lie of Double Negative
    10. Lie of Distortion
    • Fifth Estate Video
    • Case Study Videos
    • Induction Techniques Assignment

    Lesson 4: Induction and Closure

    During the Induction Phase, the interviewer must be sensitive to overcoming denials, the influence of secondary issues, signs of surrender, and guarding against false confessions. The final phase of the IN2 System is Closure. Not every interview will end with a confession. But every one should end with a professional closing.

    Session Topics:

    • Rationalizations
    • Minimizations
    • Guilt Transfer
    • Presumptive Questions
    • Enticement Questions
    • Elimination Questions
    • Restitution Questions
    • Divergences
    • Countering Exclusionary Denials
    • Specific Challenges of Child Molesters
    • Cautions Against Theme Development
    • Dangers of False Confessions
    • Confirming the Confession
    • Developing the Disclosures
    • Signs of Surrender
    • Secondary Issues
    • Professional Closure

    Lesson 5: Case Studies and Wrap Up

    Session Topics:

    • Induction Techniques and Divergences
    • Case Study discussions
    • Course review and Wrap Up (From Lesson4)
    • Course Review and Wrap Up

Register Today - $296/Person

Seminar Location

This online course is available through the Justice Clearinghouse Learning Management System. You will be able to attend the sessions from any internet connected computer.

Registration Process

Once you register either provide payment information or request an invoice. You will receive login instructions upon receipt of payment.


Full refunds will be granted up to one week before the start of the first session. We will NOT be able to grant ANY refunds after that.

Volume Discount

If you are an NSA or NACA member, or have three or more personnel that are planning to attend, please contact us for a 20% discount code. Also, contact us for your JCH Paid Subscriber Discount

Contact Us

If you have any questions, please contact us


Please provide information for the person that will be attending the series below.

Inductive Interviewing Course

Inductive Interviewing Course